Travel Destination Guide for Thailand

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Travel Destination Guide for Thailand
 
Pattaya City Thailand, legal, real-estate and discount international telephone services

History

The history of Thailand began in the region from south China in the 11th century. At that time the kingdoms of Sukhothai and Chiang Mai were established. During the Sukhothai period (1238-1419), the Thai people lived in peace, stability and prosperity and had freedom in trade and commerce.

In the 14th century Sukhothai began to decline and became a vassal state of the rising Ayutthaya kingdom in 1378. Ayutthaya, the capital of the second Thai kingdom was ruled by 33 successive kings, its strategic location contributed to a thriving economy as a result of well-developed agriculture and foreign trades. The beautiful city was of glittering palaces, ornately-designed temples and gold-plated pagodas, were all destroyed by the Burmese in April 1767.

Seven months later Phraya Taksin, who served in the army of the last king of Ayutthaya, succeeded in expelling the invaders and re-establishing Thai sovereignty. King Taksin decided to move to the capital to Thonburi, across the Chao Phraya and form a modern Bangkok. After King Taksin's death in 1782 his general and friend Chao Phraya Chakri ascended the throne and thus established the Chakri Dynasty, the present royal house.
Until now Thai people have had nine Kings, 7 of whom ruled as absolute monarchs Thailand.

Geography

LOCATION : Southeast Asia

AREA : 198,456 Sq. m. (513,993 Sq. km.)

CAPITAL : Bangkok

MAIN CITIES : Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Nakhon Ratchasima, Had Yai

TOPOGRAPHY : Four Parts of Thailand include :
- The North or mountainous region
- The Central Plain or Chao Phraya River Basin
- The Northeast or the Korat Plateau
- The South or the Southern Peninsula

CLIMATE (Seasons) :
Cool ( December-February )
Hot ( March - June )
Rainy ( July - November )

Demography & Religion

POPULATION : 62.3 Million (1998). Population growth rate 1.3%

RELIGION :Buddhist (95%), Muslim (4%), Christian, Hindu &
Others (1%)

LANGUAGE : Thai and English are the most widely-spoken

ETHNIC MAKEUP : Thai (84%), Chinese (12%) , Malay and minorities (4%)

LABOUR FORCE : 34.5 million (1996)

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE : 3.4 % (1994)

EDUCATION : 4 Levels of education :
- one to three years for pre-school education
- six years for primary education
- six years for secondary education
- four years for higher education

COMPULSORY EDUCATION : 9 years , you have to finish Primary School.

LITERACY RATE : 93 %

Politic & Government

The government of the Kingdom of Thailand is a constitution monarchy with a parliament consisting of the Senate, elected by the people for a four-year term. The overall policy of the Thai government since the early 1960s has been laid out in a series of five-year plans. The Eighth National Economic and Social Development plan is presently being implemented, covering the period 1997-2001.

In the past, however, the military has exerted great influence on civilian affairs, ruling the country intermittently after the constitutional government began in 1932. Recently, in responding to the tide of globalization, there is a gradual change towards more effective civilian government. A new constitution was drafted in 1997 as an attempt to improve the effectiveness of democratic rule.

2006 saw an army coup that ousted priminister Taksin, two weeks later a new government, a new constitution is being drawn up, new elections in one years time.

The only people upset by this are those that were misusing the old system.

Pattaya City Thailand, legal, real-estate and discount international telephone services

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